What first comes to mind when you think of Australian beer? Is it the range of craft brews dominating pub menus around the country? Or perhaps the iconic Foster's lager, a beverage that has long been associated with Australia thanks to its internationally famous advertising campaigns.
Whatever your initial thoughts may be, there's no denying that Aussie beers have an unmistakable taste and presence - one that sets them apart from international varieties in both flavour and style.
So what makes Australian beer so unique? Let's look at some of the key distinguishing factors that make this continent's beverages stand out!
Beer in Australia: A Brief History
Brewing beer in Australia dates back to long before the British colonised the country. Beer has a lengthy history in Australia, dating back to Captain Cook's voyage to the country on the HMS Endeavour, where it was a mainstay of the crew's diet.
One of beer's reported earliest uses was to fortify water supplies and stave off scurvy. A few years later, an ex-convict and self-proclaimed "first brewer," John Boston, had already brewed beer using a combination of Indian maise and Cape gooseberry leaves to create the first locally produced beer.
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Development of Australia's Beer Culture
The Best Of Down Under
Although traditional English and Irish ales inspired early Australian beer, colonial brewers began experimenting with new flavours. Wild yeasts from the area were frequently employed, and sometimes the beer was bittered using plants found in the wild.
The beer did not respond favourably to the wild yeasts. In addition, ales did not fare well in the weather conditions. The drink wasn't refreshing to a dehydrated tongue since it had been brewed and kept at heated temperatures, compounding the effects of the heat.
Lager Beer From Australia
In Australia, a remedy to the beer shortage was in the works at the same time as the refrigeration industry. Although lager's introduction was met with resistance at first, nowadays, lagers make up the bulk of Australia's beer sales.
Since the lager fermentation process had to occur at a lower temperature than ale, much of Australia required refrigeration to produce lager. The Gambrinus Brewery first opened its doors in Melbourne in 1885. This establishment pioneered lager production in Australia.
Lager is a type of beer that is refreshing because it is light, cool, and fizzy. Lager is far more enticing than the warm and hefty ale due to these characteristics. Also, some colonists prefer lager since it has less alcohol per volume than ale. This meant they could drink more beer to feel the same intoxicated as they would with a glass of ale.
Australian lager makers went for a bold flavour akin to English ale by adding lots of barley malt and hops. Consequently, this sets Australian beer apart from lager produced in other countries.
All There Is to Know About Australia's Beer
Australian Beer Sizes
In Australia, a pint of beer is known as a "schooner" in cities including Sydney, Brisbane, and Canberra. In other words, it weighs 15 ounces. In Adelaide, however, a schooner is only 10 ounces in size.
While this would be considered a typical beer in numerous other places, in Melbourne, Perth, Darwin, and Hobart, you would ask for a "pot," "middy," "handle," and "10 ounce," respectively.
A "glass" in Melbourne or Perth will get you a seven-ounce beer, while a "seven" will get you the same amount in most other places (except Adelaide, where it's a "butcher"). However, these glasses are becoming increasingly rare to find.
But if you want to play it safe, you can always order a pint, which will buy you 20 ounces of beer anywhere but Adelaide, where it's only 15. The "imperial pint" there is 20 ounces.
Intro To Pub Norms For Down Under
No matter how many people you're with, it's polite to take turns buying beverages for the group. You can scream at someone for a beer or buy everyone beer if that's what you feel like doing.
Unless you're hanging out with a bunch of wankers (who only want expensive beers) or cretins (who only want liquor), you'll probably wind up drinking whatever is cheapest.
Beer in Australia is taxed to the hilt. In most bars, a pint of inexpensive beer (about 20 ounces) can cost you back $8 to $10. By purchasing a "jug," which is identical in size to a standard American pitcher, you may eliminate the hassle of determining what glasses to buy.
The rule is to shout, "Nice jugs!" if you see someone returning to the group with two or more jugs. The hilarity of this will never cease to amaze you. The winner gets whatever's left in the jug, regardless of how long it took to empty it.
The bartender already has a salary of at least $16 per hour; tipping them won't make them any more pleasant. You have to keep calling rounds for everyone else even if you don't want to drink, and you have to keep doing that until you either go home or everyone is too drunk to remember whose turn it is.
Recognising The Leading Manufacturers
The two largest breweries in Australia are essential to comprehending the beer culture there. The Foster's Group is an Australian brewing firm headquartered in Melbourne, Victoria, and eventually controlled by the British brewing giant SABMiller (the 2nd largest brewing company behind Anheuser-Busch InBev).
Lion Nathan is another New Zealand import that has made Sydney its home and is widely recognised there.
Light Beer Is Not What It Seems.
Australia's "light" beers have the same caloric density as their regular counterparts but only 2.5% ABV. In comparison, the typical alcohol content of an Australian beer is 5%, with mid-strength options hovering around 3%. After all, it seems pointless to try.
Drunk driving is punishable by strict regulations in Australia. The national limit for blood alcohol content is 0.05, which is strictly enforced, with police frequently setting up roadblocks to stop and breathalyse hundreds of cars on Friday and Saturday nights.
We also had to endure a barrage of shockingly graphic anti-drunk driving commercials. People, therefore, monitor their drinking behaviour by keeping a tally of standard drinks consumed.
Keeping to.05 is equivalent to having one regular drink every hour; therefore, if you wish to drink and keep up with your non-driving friends, light is a reasonably stigma-free alternative and is accessible at every establishment.
Australian Beers That Go Well With Any Meal
Beer and food are created for each other Down Under. A Pilsner will strike the spot when you're hanging outside grilling meat or fowl, and a Pale Ale is the perfect complement to burgers and fries.
Red meat eaters would do well to select an IPA, particularly one with a robust hop profile that would pair well with fiery, fatty foods like curry. In addition to rosemary and cheese, IPAs are always a safe bet.
The history of beer in Australia goes back to the time when Captain Cook first landed in the country aboard the HMS Endeavour. According to ex-convict and self-proclaimed "first brewer" John Boston, the first locally produced beer was made from a mixture of Indian maize and Cape gooseberry leaves. Brewers in the colonies tried out novel flavours, but the beer didn't do well with the local wild yeasts and the climate. In 1885, Melbourne's beer deficit prompted the opening of the Gambrinus Brewery. These days, lagers account for the vast majority of beer sales in Australia.
Lager, the beer of choice in Australia, has a lower alcohol content per volume than ale. Australian lager brewers sought a robust flavour reminiscent of English ale by utilising a high malt-to-hops ratio. Cities like Sydney, Brisbane, and Canberra call a pint of beer a "schooner," whereas others like Melbourne, Perth, Darwin, and Hobart use terms like "pot," "middy," "handle," and "10 ounces." In Melbourne and Perth, a "glass" of beer is seven ounces, although the same amount is called a "seven" in most other areas. As a general rule, a pint will get you 20 ounces of beer everywhere but Adelaide, where it will only get you 15. The high tax rate on alcohol means that even a cheap pint of beer (approximately 20 ounces) will set you back $8 to $10 in Australia.
While it's courteous to take turns purchasing drinks for the group, in reality, unless you're hanging out with a bunch of wankers or cretins, you'll probably just drink whatever's cheapest. When in doubt as to which glasses to purchase, simply exclaim, "Nice jugs!"
Australians love their beer, and Foster's Group and Lion Nathan are the country's two biggest breweries. Despite its lower alcohol content (2.5% vs. 5%), light beer has the same number of calories as its full-strength competitors. Blood alcohol concentration limits are carefully enforced at the national level. Maintain an accurate record of standard drinks to keep tabs on your drinking habits. Pilsners, Pale Ale, and IPAs are just a few examples of the Australian beers that pair well with food. If you prefer spicy, fatty meals like curry, then an IPA is the way to go. Those hops should be strong and flavorful.
- Or maybe the world-famous Foster's lager, whose ads have made it synonymous with Australia for decades.
- Regardless of your first impression, you can't dispute that Australian beers have a distinct flavour and personality that sets them apart from their foreign counterparts.
- Let's take a closer look at what sets beverages from this continent apart.
- Australia has a lengthy history of beer brewing that predates British colonisation.
- Beer has been a staple in Australian cuisine for a long time, dating back to the HMS Endeavour and Captain Cook.
- Some of the earliest documented uses of beer were in fortifying water sources and warding off scurvy.
- John Boston, an ex-convict and self-proclaimed "first brewer," created the first locally manufactured beer a few years later using a mixture of Indian maize and Cape gooseberry leaves.
- Although early Australian beer took its cue from traditional English and Irish ales, colonial brewers soon began experimenting with novel flavours.
- Beer was often fermented with local wild yeasts and sometimes bittered with herbs foraged from the area.
- The addition of wild yeasts did not improve the beer's flavour.
- Moreover, ales did not fare well in the climate.
- Since the beverage had been produced and stored at hot temperatures, it was not refreshing to a parched tongue.
- At the same time as the refrigeration business was developing in Australia, a solution to the country's beer scarcity was being devised.
- Despite initial pushback, lagers now account for the vast majority of Australia's beer sales.
- The lower alcohol content per litre of lager is a selling point for some colonists.
- They could now consume twice as much beer as they would have needed to get the same inebriation from a single glass of ale.
- Australian lager brewers sought a robust flavour reminiscent of English ale by utilising a high malt-to-hops ratio.
- This differentiates Australian beer from other lagers throughout the world.
- Australia's major cities including Sydney, Brisbane, and Canberra all use the term "schooner" to refer to a pint of beer.
- It's 15 ounces in weight, to be precise.
- However, in Adelaide a schooner is only 10 ounces in capacity.
- This is a "pot," "middy," "handle," and "10 ounce" in Melbourne, Perth, Darwin, and Hobart, respectively, but in many other countries it would be termed a "standard" beer.
- In Melbourne and Perth, a "glass" of beer is seven ounces, although in most other locations it's a "seven" (except in Adelaide, where it's a "butcher").
- However, you'll have a hard time locating a pair of these spectacles.
- If you'd rather not take any chances, a pint will get you 20 ounces of beer anywhere but Adelaide, where it's only 15.
- An imperial pint is equal to 20 fluid ounces.
- It's considered nice to take turns buying drinks for a group, no matter how large the party is.
- If you're feeling frivolous, you can either buy everyone alcohol or demand one from a random person.
- You'll probably end up drinking whatever is cheapest unless you're with a group of wankers (who only want costly beers) or cretins (who only want liquor).
- Taxes on beer in Australia are extremely high.
- A pint of cheap beer (about 20 ounces) can set you back $8 to $10 in most places.
- Even if you don't want to partake in the alcoholic beverages, you are obligated to keep calling rounds for the others until you either go home or everyone is too inebriated to keep track of who's turn it is.
- An understanding of Australian beer culture is impossible without first learning about the country's two main breweries.
- Australia's Foster's Group is owned by British brewing behemoth SABMiller and has its headquarters in Melbourne, Victoria (the 2nd largest brewing company behind Anheuser-Busch InBev).
- One such product of New Zealand that has found a home in Sydney and become well-known there is Lion Nathan.
- The "light" beers consumed in Australia have the same calorie count as their regular counterparts but contain only 2.5% alcohol by volume.
- While the average strength of an Australian beer is 5%, most of the mid-strength selections are closer to 3%.
- After all, it appears fruitless to make an effort.
- Australia has stringent laws against drunk driving.
- The legal limit for blood alcohol concentration in the United States is.05%, and police routinely set up checkpoints to halt and breathalyse hundreds of motorists on Friday and Saturday evenings.
- And on top of that, we were subjected to a constant stream of extremely graphic adverts warning against drunk driving.
- Thus, people keep track of the number of standard drinks they've had in order to keep an eye on their drinking habits.
- If you want to drink and keep up with your non-driving buddies, but need to stay under the legal limit of.05, light beer is a relatively stigma-free option that is available everywhere.
- Down Under, beer and food were almost made for each other.
- You can't go wrong with a Pilsner or Pale Ale while you're outside enjoying the weather and grilling some meat or poultry, plus a burger and fries go hand in hand.
- If you like spicy, fatty foods like curry, then an IPA is a good choice. One with a strong hop profile is ideal.
Frequently Asked Questions
Australian Sparkling Ale is Australia's only native-born beer style.
Tinnies Cans of Beer. But the Australian slang for beer is amber fluid. Some states call it a pint, while others call it a schooner.
A frosty fridge, condensation dripping down a bottle, beer poured into an icy glass. In Australia, beer is served cold.
Almdudler is an Austrian soft drink with a flavour based on mountain herbs. Almdudler is considered Austria's national drink.
It might come as a surprise to learn that Australia is home to some of the oldest vines in the world.